DRAFT document on coding conventions in kde libraries

Thiago Macieira thiago at kde.org
Mon Mar 6 12:22:01 GMT 2006

Mirko Boehm wrote:
>On Monday 06 March 2006 09:40, Allan Sandfeld Jensen wrote:
>> It is unreliable across shared libaries. If you have a non-QObject
>> based heirachy you should implement your own type-system rather than
>> rely on dynamic_cast.
>Can you give a bit of information about
>- on what platforms such problems arise
>- and what compiler versions are affected?

This problem can occur if you're trying to cast to a class whose typeinfo 
struct is inlined. In this case, both RTLD_LAZY and 
hidden-inline-visibility cause the class to point to its local copy of 
the typeinfo, instead of the global one. So it won't match when you 
dynamic cast.


in foo.h:
class Base
  virtual ~Base(); // Base::~Base is defined somewhere

class Derived: public Base
  virtual ~Base() { }
  virtual void foo() { std::cout << "Hello, world!"; }

in module.cpp:
Base* createClass()
  return new Derived;

in application.cpp:
  Base *ptr;
  // somehow call createClass via dlopen+dlsym
  Derived *dptr = dynamic_cast<Derived*>(ptr);

The last line will fail always. The reason is that createClass() called 
the inlined Derived::Derived() constructor, which in turn assigned its 
own local copy of "typeinfo for Derived" to the class. 

When you try to cast "ptr" to "Derived", it'll use yet another "typeinfo 
for Derived". Since they aren't the same object, the cast will always 

Also note that static_cast<> will work.

  Thiago Macieira  -  thiago (AT) macieira.info - thiago (AT) kde.org
    PGP/GPG: 0x6EF45358; fingerprint:
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